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  • Andreea Tudoran


Updated: Nov 4, 2023


The high school was named after three landowners, the Buzești brothers Preda, Radu and Stroe Buzescu, who were the most inseparable and strongest military supporters of King Mihai Viteazul.

It was officially founded as a high school in 1882 as “Real secondary school” through an edict of the “Ministry of Cults” (approved by ministry PS Aurelian of the Ministry of Cultural in Romania, at the time), with a teaching science mostly for boys.

The school motto is formed from two Latin words from the beginning of the book of Genesis: “Fiat Lux” – “Let there be light!”

On its inauguration, November 1st 1882, the school had 62 students registered in the 1st grade. It opened in the great room of the boys’ gymnasium, which is now in the building of the “Carol I National College” and the first teachers of foreign languages were Ștefan Rudeanu for French and Ferdinand Settelin for German.

Despite this, the most remarkable leader in the entire history of the school was – between 1920 and 1940 – natural sciences teacher – Ion P.Ionescu-Argetoaia, with a doctorate in Geology. He was the first who succeeded to obtain an approval from the Ministry of Education to build the monumental building of the high school that is being used today.

During World War II, between 1941 and 1942, the school building was used by the German troops as a hospital for the injured German soldiers and later from September 1944 and 1949 it was used again, this time by the soviet troops, as a hospital for the injured soldiers of the Red Army. During these times, the school was forced to function, overcrowded in the buildings of other schools in Craiova.

Currently, CNFB is an institution affiliated UNESCO, equipped with a high quality teaching staff. Nowadays, the CNFB graduates study and contribute to research and culture in academic institutions all around the world.



• „Carol I” National College is an educational institution in Craiova. The second school in Romanian as a seniority, currently has over 1800 students enrolled in grades I-XII, half of which are in high school, in real, human and natural sciences.

• The school was officially established on May 20, 1826, but construction began in 1832.

• After the defeat of the Revolution of 1848, the school closes because it does not have the necessary teachers. The building becomes a barracks, hospital, kitchen. After the revolution, Barbu Știrbei ascended the throne of Wallachia, having bought the land for the Craiova school. In 1852 the school closed again and its building became a tsarist command and hospital.

• The new school was built between 1893 and 1895 and cost over one million lei. The painter Francisc Tribalski painted the frescoes in the library and the round room. The new domed building was equipped with luxurious furniture. But this place also became a hospital during the First World War.

• The name of the National College "Carol I" from Craiova is given on October 23, 1933 on the occasion of celebrating the centenary of the high school, 7 years later.



• Elena Cuza National College is a high school .in Craiova, Romania teaching mainly foreign languages. Until 1944 and between 1970 and 1975, all classes were held in French.

• The school was founded in 1833 under the name of "Pensionatul de fete Lazaro-Otetelișanu" as a school for girls, belonging to Lazaro-Otetelișanu, the first of its kind in Wallachia.

• It was meant to help educate the girls of Boyar families. All the girls who were accepted in the school had to know to read and write in a foreign language.

• Starting 1959 it was renamed "Școala medie nr. 3".

• Between 1966 and 1976, the school changes name again and is called „Liceul nr. 3” for the first time accepting boys.

• Between 1977 and 1989 it was called „Liceul de Filologie-Istorie” and then „Liceul Elena Cuza”. Since 1998 it has been called „Colegiul Național Elena Cuza”.



• The school opened its doors on October 1, 1870, following the efforts of the Craiova patriot and politician Gheorghe Chițu, by the decision of the Standing Committee of Dolj, on October 1, 1870.

• Starting with the school year 1892-1893, the Normal School becomes a state school and will benefit, after numerous temporary locations, from its own headquarters built in 1901 on the initiative of Minister Spiru Haret.

• Since 1927, the school has been named after its illustrious pedagogy teacher, a prominent figure in interwar pedagogical education, Ștefan Velovan.

• In 1998, the Normal School became the “Ștefan Velovan” National College, and starting with the 2013-2014 school year, the title of the school is the current one: the “Ștefan Velovan” National Pedagogical College.

• The teacher was and is a model and model maker, an illuminator of minds in and for values: education, vocation, professionalism are the words that define him. The teacher is the bearer of the principles of humanity of education from all times, the models of the forerunners are alive in the memory of the Velovaniists and oblige us to continue the tradition that honors the Romanian pedagogical education.



• In 1881 the foundation stone of the future military high school was laid, by the establishment on September 1, of the "School of Sons of Soldiers" in Craiova, an institution inaugurated in 1885, by the presence at the official manifestations of King Carol I.

• On August 20, 1902, the school was transformed into the Gymnasium of the Sons of Soldiers „D. A. Sturdza ", and, on April 1, 1914, the institution received the name" D. A. Sturdza "Military High School.

• During the First World War, the high school was evacuated to Iasi, where it shared the same premises with the "General George Macarovici" Military High School, and its building in Craiova became a hospital for the wounded.

• The activity of the Military High School „D. A. Sturdza ”continued until 1948, when it was abolished.

• In 1978, the high school was re-established and received the honorary name of "Tudor Vladimirescu".

• A period full of achievements followed, becoming, every year, one of the most prestigious high schools, both locally and nationally.

• In 1998, the abolition of the “Tudor Vladimirescu” Military High School was ordered, but after a period of 18 years, the re-establishment of the prestigious educational institution in Craiova was certified.



• The “Marin Sorescu” High School of Arts is the institution in which students develop their creative spirit, shape their talent and form their personality, so that, over the years, their names become emblems of art. If the ephemeral defines human existence, art, be it painting, music or literary creation, perpetuates the human being and brings it closer to the gods.

• European School since 2005, "Marin Sorescu" High School of Arts opens its doors to those who want to know and be beautiful with an exceptional teaching staff and a rich pedagogical tradition accumulated in 50 years of existence.

• Partnerships with cultural institutions such as the "Oltenia" Philharmonic, the "Elena Teodorini" Lyric Theater, the "Marin Sorescu" National Theater, the "Alexandru and Aristia Aman" County Library, the "Traian Demetrescu" House of Culture and others make the High School of Arts " Marin Sorescu ”an active presence in the cultural landscape of Dolj and a reference name for vocational education.

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